the surface is formed due to an impact stress at the tip of the crack. the surface reveals the stress intensity as proportional to the length of the crack. the rough surface is produced at the tip of the crack. the surface of the rough surface reveals shear failure. the rough surface is formed due to an impact stress at the tip of the crack. this indicates that the crack is bending. the surface is formed due to an impact stress at the tip of the crack.
lineament extraction was performed using a line module of pci geomatica software [ 48 ]. the line module has many advantages over most the hough transform and other methods of edge detection [ 49, 50 ]. additionally, the canny edge detection applied in line module of pci gives least false positives when compared with other methods [ 51 ]. spatial distribution of lineaments was examined by further converting the extracted lineaments to a measurable quantity of lineament density. lineament density is defined as the total length of lineaments per unit area, whereas frequency indicates the total number of lineaments per unit area [ 52, 53 ]. the lineament density was computed using the equation
knowing the ground displacement of a site before, during, and after construction can give property owners and developers the assurance that their buildings are stable and safe. one of the most common impacts of subsidence is damage due to private property. cracks in the foundations of homes, condos, or commercial properties can lead to costly repairs, for example:
the landslide in agboona hill, probably initiated with the development of parallel normal faults along the horst, further weakening of this zone by fracturing, water infiltration and gravity led to shattering of rocks along this zone. however, numerous open fractures joints, cracks, folds and high strain shears were encountered on the ruptured surfaces. borehole and geophysical data that can help to verify the influence of earthquake were not available at the time of compiling this manuscript. however, most of the rock fragments displaced by the landslide show well-polished surfaces, suggesting that the dominant processes along this fault zone are bulk crushing, surface grinding and polishing. 3d9ccd7d82