Diplomacy has sometimes been driven by the factional conflicts that exist within countries. Thinking about the effects of the pandemic on Japan-U.S. relations, however, it is more relevant to imagine that the pandemic represents a new global ideology in the history of nations. A global ideology makes leaders, in each nation, fear competition from all others. It explains why they try to avoid their own failures and make their allies look like monsters as a shield for their own weaknesses. This is why President Trump and Prime Minister Abe made the joint statements in January and the news media described their meeting as "a pep talk". This ideological shift is different from previous transitions in global ideology such as the shifts from the Great Powers dominance of the nineteenth century to U.S. hegemony in the first part of the twentieth century. The other trends were about setting relationships and moving on.
All the nations of the world are going through rapid changes. In some cases, shifts in ideology have often had the effect of causing armed conflict, such as the Cultural Revolution in China or the purges in the Soviet Union. In the case of Japan and the United States, it is difficult to imagine a sudden outbreak of conflict. It is more likely that ideological differences will drive the same problems, such as North Korea's missile and nuclear programs and Japan and the United States' pressing concerns over China's military modernization.
In recent years, the patient's safety initiatives have been expanded and aligned across the entire NHS with nearly a thousand deaths being investigated a year and with over 300 patients dying in 2008 due to medication errors.2 In 2008, nearly 200,000 cases were reported to the Hospital errors website . However, this site does not include the full picture of patient safety, including the root causes of most serious adverse events, because the data which can explain these incidents is under the protection of the health care workers and their union. It also does not discuss the root causes of unintended effects in healthcare delivery, which are about the same as errors in the broader sense. 3d9ccd7d82