A. A person may be found guilty except insane if at the time of the commission of the criminal act the person was afflicted with a mental disease or defect of such severity that the person did not know the criminal act was wrong. A mental disease or defect constituting legal insanity is an affirmative defense. Mental disease or defect does not include disorders that result from acute voluntary intoxication or withdrawal from alcohol or drugs, character defects, psychosexual disorders or impulse control disorders. Conditions that do not constitute legal insanity include momentary, temporary conditions arising from the pressure of the circumstances, moral decadence, depravity or passion growing out of anger, jealousy, revenge, hatred or other motives in a person who does not suffer from a mental disease or defect or an abnormality that is manifested only by criminal conduct.
D. If the finder of fact finds the defendant guilty except insane, the court shall determine the sentence the defendant could have received pursuant to section 13-707 or section 13-751, subsection A or the presumptive sentence the defendant could have received pursuant to section 13-702, section 13-703, section 13-704, section 13-705, section 13-706, subsection A, section 13-710 or section 13-1406 if the defendant had not been found insane, and the judge shall suspend the sentence and shall order the defendant to be placed and remain under the jurisdiction of the superior court and committed to a secure state mental health facility under the department of health services pursuant to section 13-3992 for the length of that sentence. In making this determination the court shall not consider the sentence enhancements for prior convictions under section 13-703 or 13-704. The court shall expressly identify each act that the defendant committed and separately find whether each act involved the death or physical injury of or a substantial threat of death or physical injury to another person.
1550s, of persons, \"mentally damaged,\" from Latin insanus \"mad, insane, of unsound mind; outrageous, excessive, extravagant,\" from in- \"not\" (see in- (1)) + sanus \"well, healthy, sane\" (see sane). In reference to actions, \"irrational, evidencing madness,\" from 1842 in English. The noun meaning \"insane person\" is attested from 1786. For the notion of insanity as sickness, compare lunatic; and Italian pazzo \"insane,\" originally a euphemism, from Latin patiens \"suffering.\" German verrückt, literally past participle of verrücken \"to displace,\" \"applied to the brain as to a clock that is 'out of order' \" [Buck].
\"of sound mind, mentally sound,\" 1721, a back-formation from insane or sanity or else from Latin sanus \"sound, healthy,\" in its figurative or transferred use, \"of sound mind, rational, sane,\" also, of style, \"correct;\" a word of uncertain origin.
Used earlier, of the body, with a sense of \"healthy\" (1620s), but this has been rare in English. OED writes, \"The almost entire restriction in English to a sense 'mentally sound' is due to the use in antithesis with insane, which (like the Latin insanus, its source) always referred to mental condition.\" Related: Sanely; saneness.
This paper critically re-examines our assumptions about the social rule of asylums in the nineteenth century by separating the history of the confinement from the history of psychiatry. Rather than medical superintendents being central to the admission of patients, this paper will argue that control over confinement was predicated upon the desires of families to care for and control dependent and violent relatives. The confinement of the insane can thus be seen not as a consequence of a professionalizing psychiatric elite, but rather as a strategic response of households to the stresses of industrialization. The second part of this paper surveys changing approaches to the social history of the asylum and directs these techniques to a combination of institutional and non-institutional sources which will shed new light on the dynamic between informal patterns of family caring 'in the community' and formal medical treatment in purpose-built institutions. Having set out the methodological possibilities of using new types of admission records, the last section of this paper explores different approaches to the history of the family and applies them to the question of why the insane were confined. This will provide an analytical framework for understanding the interface between the family and the formal medical institution. Throughout, this paper draws on more than three dozen international studies to illuminate some comparative aspects of confinement in different national contexts.
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Multiple Media MonsterVerse: Riccio in the graphic novel Skull Island: The Birth of Kong descends into this late into his Sanity Slippage. He goes from respecting the Iwi to assaulting and threatening them as he becomes more concerned with his idea of Kong as God, and he decides to bring the Iwi's wall down as a test to see if Kong is the kind of god that will come to their aid; rationalizing that if Kong doesn't intervene to save the Iwi, then it means them and everything in the world is unworthy of Kong specifically, not to mention all his talk about removing the barriers that divide creatures even if doing so is suicidal as in the case of taking down the Iwi's wall. Godzilla: King of the Monsters (2019): The Eco-Terrorist mastermind Emma Russell has a pretty big case of this even if they do make some valid points. Their child was a casualty of a past Titan battle, and how did they decide to ensure their child's death wasn't \"in vain\" By setting all the Titans loose on the world indiscriminately so they can inflict Gaia's Vengeance, and they're staggeringly oblivious to how this act essentially involves re-engineering their child's exact death a million-fold on a global scale, because in their mind, if it'll stop future generations from losing all their children to a manmade extiction event then engineering that event in the present is an acceptable sacrifice. It's no wonder Emma gets called out as insane. Alan Jonah's justifications for letting King Ghidorah do what it wants to the Earth descend into Insane Troll Logic once it becomes clear that Ghidorah's goals involve creating an even more rapid extinction event than the one Jonah and his allies were originally trying to prevent. Jonah brushes off Emma's concerns about Ghidorah with a brief rant about how irredeemably despicable he thinks the human race is, and he nihilistically decides to just go with whatever Ghidorah does and focus on keeping himself and his troops alive throughout the apocalypse, declaring that what matters is that the Titans (or rather a Titan) are taking the Earth back from humanity. At this point, it doesn't matter to Jonah that Ghidorah's actions defeat his entire original purpose of saving the Earth's ecology, all that matters is that humanity isn't the dominant species anymore and that he feels confident he and his men can weather out the coming apocalypse.
By 1843, when superintendant John S. Butler, MD, took control, the Hartford Retreat had already begun to change. Though the emphasis on moral treatment remained in place, the makeup of the patient population had shifted as the number of indigent insane in the state swelled due to the financial panic of 1837.
The number of individuals in Connecticut counted as insane tallied over 700 in 1838, and an increasing number of them were without adequate family care. Though efforts had been made to create a state-wide asylum for the insane poor, the political will was lacking until after the Civil War. In the short term, the Hartford Retreat, the only institution of its kind in the state, was expanded and began a much closer relationship with the state as it began to take state-subsidized insane poor as patients.
The usual patient at the Hartford Retreat paid roughly $4.00 a week and the stay was relatively short. A significant percentage of the clientele came from well-to-do families and could also afford special amenities like a larger private room and personal attendants. In contrast, the new state-subsidized patients paid $2.50 a week and, on average, stayed for longer periods. This was largely due to the fact that many of the insane poor were suffering from more severe disorders than the more affluent patients.
Medical Certificates of Lunacy were generally required for the commitment of patients to insane asylums in New York State during much of the the 19th century. The certificates of lunacy in this collection pertain to patients committed to the Monroe County Insane Asylum. The bulk of these certificates date from the 1870s and 1880s, though a few date from the mid-1860s. Although an extensive collection, there is not a certificate for every patient admitted to the County or State asylums during this period.
Train insane is a uniquely designed program that incorporates a combination of strength and cardio circuits. Each workout format varies daily using a mix of hand weights, barbells, kettlebells, bosu balls, trx bands, punching bags, sleds, medicine balls, rowers, pull-up bars, battle ropes, bands, court work, hitt and insanity cardio spurts.
Perhaps the greatest achievement of his last years were his portraits of the insane. There were ten of them originally. Only five have survived: A Woman Addicted to Gambling, A Child Snatcher, A Woman Suffering from Obsessive Envy, A Kleptomaniac; and A Man Suffering from Delusions of Military Command.
What perhaps strikes one most about the portraits is the extraordinary empathy we are made to feel for these poor souls, who might not strike us immediately as insane, but who certainly exhibit outward signs of inward suffering. 59ce067264